Myop, Hypermetrop and Astigmat
What is myopia?
Myopia is the inability to see far away due to the structure of the eye being longer than normal. In myopia, the rays coming to the eye focus in front of the retina rather than on it. People with myopia have difficulty seeing distant objects and signs, they can clearly see objects that are close.
What is hyperopia?
Hyperopia is an eye defect that occurs when the rays coming to the eye focus behind the retina. While hyperops can see far, they cannot see nearby objects clearly. Hyperopia is not a disease, but a defect in refracting the light coming into the eye.
What is astigmatism?
Astigmatism is a congenital deformity of the foremost transparent layer (cornea) of the eye. Normally, the cornea should have a round shape like an orange, but an elliptical shape like an egg, we call "astigmatism". Those with astigmatism see the point shapes they look at as elongated and scattered. Astigmatic patients see both distance and near blurred. Especially those with high astigmatism experience prominent eye and headache apart from being unable to see clearly. Astigmatism; It can be treated with glasses and contact lenses, laser or intraocular lens surgery.
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