What is Eye Pain?
Eye pain is an occasional pain that occurs in most people but rarely is caused by a serious medical condition. Eye pain is divided into two depending on where you feel the pain in the eye. The pain seen on the surface of the eye is called ocular, and the pain felt inside or deeper is called orbital pain. Eye pain often goes away without the need for medication or treatment. Pain observed on the surface may be felt as scratching, burning or itching. Ocular pains are often caused by irritation from a foreign body, infection, or trauma. These types of eye pain are often easily treated with eye drops or rest. Eye pain (orbital pain) that occurs in the depths of the eye is felt as stabbing or throbbing. These types of eye pain may require more in-depth treatment, depending on the cause. If eye pain is observed with vision loss, it may be a symptom of a medical emergency. If you begin to lose your vision while experiencing eye pain, you should see a doctor immediately.
How to heal eye pain?
Treatment for eye pain depends on the cause of the pain. The most common treatments are:
- Glasses: If you wear contact lenses frequently, you should occasionally wear glasses and let your corneas rest.
- Antibiotics: Antibacterial drops and oral antibiotics can be used to treat eye infections that cause pain, including conjunctivitis and corneal abrasions.
- Antihistamines: Eye drops and oral medications can help relieve pain associated with allergies in the eyes.
- Eye drops: People with glaucoma can use medicated drops to reduce pressure in their eyes.
- Corticosteroids: For more serious infections such as optic neuritis and iritis, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids.
- Pain medication: If the pain is severe and interferes with your daily life, your doctor may recommend a pain medication to relieve pain until the underlying condition is treated.
Surgical intervention: Surgery is rarely required to repair damage caused by a foreign body or burn.
What happens if eye pain is not treated?
Most eye pain disappears with no or mild treatment. Medical conditions that cause eye pain or pain rarely cause permanent damage to the eye. However, some conditions that cause eye pain, such as glaucoma, can cause more serious problems if left untreated.
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